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Katalog znaczkówWielka Brytania ‹ Znaczki

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Format: Znaczekx
Rok: 1840x

Queen Victoria - Penny Black

Queen Victoria - Penny BlackQueen Victoria - Penny Black
Seria:
Queen Victoria - Line Engraved
Nr w katalogu:
Mi:GB 1, Yt:GB 1, Sg:GB 1, AFA:GB 1
Tematyka:
Głowy państw | Królowe
Data wydania:
1840-05-01
Emisja:
Obiegowe
Perforacja:
Cięty
Druk:
Wklęsłodruk
Kolory:
czarny
Wartość nominalna:
1 p
Nakład:
68 808 000
Znak wodny:
Small Crown (as shown)
Wynik:
69% Trafność: Wysoka
Opis:
The Penny Black was the world's first adhesive postage stamp of a public postal system.

The Penny Black was printed from 11 plates. There are no plate numbers on the stamps and the different plates can only be identified after careful examination. However, as plate 1 was completely overhauled due to excessive wear, it is generally considered as two separate plates, 1a and 1b. Plate 11 was intended originally solely for the new red stamps, but a small number were still printed in black. These are now very rare.

Plates 1a/1b date 15 Apr 1840 number issued 10,052,400
Plate 2 date 22 Apr 1840 number issued 7,659,120
Plate 3 date 9 May 1840 number issued 4,786,800
Plate 4 date 19 May 1840 number issued 6,701,760
Plate 5 date 1 Jun 1840 number issued 8,616,480
Plate 6 date 17 Jun 1840 number issued 9,095,040
Plate 7 date 8 Jul 1840 number issued 8,137,680
Plate 8 date 31 Jul 1840 number issued 7,180,320
Plate 9 date 9 Nov 1840 number issued 3,840,000
Plate 10 date 9 Dec 1840 number issued 1,920,000
Plate 11 date 27 Jan 1841 number issued 168,000

The stamps were printed in unperforated sheets of 240 and the stamps were cut from the sheet with scissors for sale. The most sought after have 4 clear margins around the printed area.

The Penny Black was issued using watermarked paper with Small Crown normally upright although inverted watermarks are known.

There are 3 colours recognised by SG namely:

Intense Black (SG 1)
Czarny (SG 2)
Grey Black (SG 3)

Used stamps are obliterated with the following postmark types:

Maltese Cross red colour
Maltese Cross black colour
Maltese Cross blue colour
Maltese Cross magenta colour
Maltese Cross yellow colour
Maltese Cross violet colour
Maltese Cross with centre number
Town postmark black colour
Town postmark yellow colour
Town postmark red colour
Penny Post black colour
1844 type black colour (from 1844, all obliterations of the penny black are of this type)
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Queen Victoria - Two Penny Blue

Queen Victoria - Two Penny BlueQueen Victoria - Two Penny Blue
Seria:
Queen Victoria - Line Engraved
Nr w katalogu:
Mi:GB 2, Yt:GB 2, Sg:GB 5, AFA:GB 2
Tematyka:
Głowy państw | Królowe
Data wydania:
1840-05-06
Emisja:
Obiegowe
Perforacja:
Cięty
Druk:
Wklęsłodruk
Kolory:
niebieski
Wartość nominalna:
2 p
Znak wodny:
Small Crown (as shown)
Wynik:
79% Trafność: Średnia
Opis:
The Two Penny Blue was the world’s second official postage stamp.

It was issued in the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland in May 1840, and was essentially the same format as the Penny Black. It was intended that the 2d blue was to be issued at the same time as the 1d black, however there is doubt about this - the earliest post mark seen on one of these was the 8th of May 1840, two days later than the Penny Black. The first issues of this value (intended for double rate letters), were printed from plates 1 and 2. Copies of the stamp are now significantly rarer and more expensive than the Penny Black.

Later when the colours of the stamps were being revised, the inks chosen were red-brown for the penny value and a new blue ink for the two pence value. As the printed stamps in the new ink looked the same as the original issue, it was decided to add a horizontal line at the top and bottom of the label so as the newer printings could be easily identified. These are generally referred to as the white lines added issue.

The Penny Black allowed a letter weighing up to half an ounce to be sent anywhere within Britain; the Two Penny Blue's weight limit was a full ounce.
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